Diagnosis And Treatment Process Of Shortsightedness - Texas Behavioral Health

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Wednesday, 17 July 2019

Diagnosis And Treatment Process Of Shortsightedness

Most people wonder whether or not there is a cure for nearsightedness or myopia! You will often come across people who will suggest that there isn’t any and they are partially true. However, there are useful and effective ways in which nearsightedness progression can be reduced in children. If the shortsightedness treatment is effective, then your child may not require wearing stronger eyeglasses year after year.

For years, researchers and eye care practitioners have been testing different processes to control myopia in children and many have come up with good news.

There are a number of recent studies that suggest it is possible to control myopia and slow down its progression in children and teenagers, though it does not suggest that these treatments are the outright cure for nearsightedness.

Shortsightedness
As of now, there are four types of shortsightedness treatment available that show enough promises for good results. These are:
  • Using atropine eye drops
  • Using multifocal contact lenses
  • Through Orthokeratology or Ortho-k
  • Using multifocal eyeglasses
These treatment processes are found to be the best possible one that can typically change the focusing and structure of the eye. This, in turn, reduces fatigue and stress that is usually associated when a child develops nearsightedness.

The Diagnosis And Treatment Processes

The shortsightedness treatment starts with the diagnosis through a basic eye exam that assesses the health of the eyes. This is called the refraction assessment test that determines whether the child has a vision problem such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, or presbyopia.

  • The doctor during the process asks the subject to look through different lenses of different thickness or focal length to test the close-up and distance vision.
  • The eye doctor may also put some specific drops in the eyes to dilate the pupils. This helps in better assessment of the health of the eyes. Usually, this process makes the eyes more sensitive to light for a couple of hours during and after the exam, helping the doctor to have wider views inside the eyes.
Once diagnosed, the doctor may suggest standard shortsightedness treatment by using corrective lenses or may even suggest a refractive surgery. Both these will improve the vision by focusing light on the exact spot and in the exact amount on the retina.

In minor cases, the doctor may suggest topical medicines, Ortho – k lenses and eye drops. For severe cases, Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis or LASIK, Laser-Assisted Subepithelial Keratectomy or LASEK, or Photorefractive Keratectomy or PRK may be suggested.
Shortsightedness Treatment

The Future

Instances of myopia wherein images are formed in front of the retina rather than exactly on it due to improper focus are on the rise. However, the eye practitioners expect that drugs will one day replace shortsightedness treatment which is also confirmed by the gene study.

Moreover, The World Health Organization, WHO says that cases of myopia and high myopia prevalence are causing several other issues in the vision of the young adults and those children who face this issue from early childhood. According to the reports of WHO the myopic issues can result in:
  • Cataract
  • Retinal damage and
  • Glaucoma
These are increasing at an alarming rate worldwide, which is increasing the number of patients suffering from eye conditions.

According to the study of the gene, it is found that the changes in the retina have brought the day closer when only drugs will be used to stop, prevent and reverse the development of myopia or nearsightedness. This is because the pills will be able to change the cell and genes signaling pathways.

This will significantly ease the shortsightedness treatment process, a condition that is expected to affect nearly half of the population of the world by 2050.

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